Body dysmorphic disorder

Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD, also known as body dysmorphia, dysmorphic syndrome; originally dysmorphophobia) is a chronic mental illness, a somatoform disorder, where in the afflicted individual is concerned with body image, manifested as excessive concern about and preoccupation with a perceived defect of their physical appearance. An individual with BDD has perpetual negative thoughts about their appearance; in the majority of cases, an individual suffering from BDD is obsessed with a minor or imagined flaw. Afflicted individuals think they have a defect in either one or several features of their body, which causes psychological and clinically significant distress or impairs occupational or social functioning. BDD often co-occurs with depression, anxiety, social withdrawal, and social isolation.

The causes of body dysmorphic disorder vary for each person, but are usually a combination of biological, psychological, and environmental factors. It may occur in children and adults. The symptoms of body dysmorphia include depression, social phobia, and obsessive compulsive disorder.

BDD is linked to a diminished quality of life, can be co-morbid with major depressive disorder and social phobia (chronic social anxiety) and is associated with suicidal ideation. BDD can be treated with either psychotherapy or psychiatric medication. Although originally a mental-illness diagnosis usually applied to women, body dysmorphic disorder also occurs in men. Approximately one percent of adults meet the diagnostic criteria for body dysmorphic disorder.

(texto de: wikipédia)

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